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Swaminathan Rajaraman

swami rajaraman

Associate Professor

Office: Research I, 237
Phone: 407-823-4339
Ph.D., Georgia Institute of Technology (Atlanta, GA) in Electrical Engineering
M.S., University of Cincinnati (Cincinnati, OH) in Electrical Engineering
B.S., Bharathidasan University (India) in Electronics Engineering
  • Micro and nanofabrication technologies
  • Neuroengineering
  • Micro and nanofabrication on plastics, paper, biomaterials and other novel materials;
  • Flexible electronics fabrication technologies
  • Implantable MEMS/NEMS devices
  • Wearable MEMS devices
  • Microfluidics
  • Packaging for microelectronic and biomedical devices
  • Microneedles for painless drug delivery
  • Advanced micro and nano-materials development
  • Micro and nano-manipulation
  • Didier, D. Fox, K. Pollard, A. Baksh, N. Iyer, A. Bosak, Y. Li Sip, J. Orrico, A. Kundu, R. Ashton, L. Zhai, M. Moore, and S. Rajaraman* “Fully Integrated 3D Microelectrode Arrays with Polydopamine-Mediated Silicon Dioxide Insulation for Electrophysiological Interrogation of a Novel 3D Human, Neural Microphysiological Construct”, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces vol. 15 (31), 37157 – 37173, 2023:
  • Manrique Castro, F. Sommerhage, R. Khanna, A. Childs, D. DeRoo, and S. Rajaraman*, “High-Throughput Microbead Assay System with a Portable, Cost-Effective Wi-Fi Imaging Module, and Disposable Multi-Layered Microfluidic Cartridges for Virus and Microparticle Detection and Tracking”, Biomedical Microdevices, 25, 21, 2023:
  • Didier, J. Orrico, O. Cepeda Torres, J. Manrique Castro, A. Baksh, and S. Rajaraman*, “Microfabricated Polymer-Metal Biosensors for Multifarious Data Collection from Electrogenic Cellular Models”, Nature Microsystems and Nanoengineering, 9, 22, 2023:
  • Bagde, S. Dev, L. Sriram, S. Spencer, A. Kalvala, A. Nathani, O. Salau, K. Mosley-Kellum, H. Dalvaigari, S. Rajaraman, A. Kundu, and M. Singh, “Biphasic Burst and Sustained Transdermal Delivery in vivo using an AI-optimized 3D-Printed MN Patch”, International Journal of Pharmaceuticals, 2023, 122647:
  • Childs, J. Pereira, C. Didier, A. Baksh, I. Johnson, J. Manrique Castro, E. Davidson, S. Santra, and S. Rajaraman*, “Plotter Cut Stencil Masks for the Deposition of Inorganic and Organic Materials and a New Rapid, Cost Effective Technique for Antimicrobial Evaluations”, Micromachines 14, 1, doi. 10.3390/mi14010014, 2023:
  • Azim, J. Orrico, D. Appavoo, L. Zhai, and S. Rajaraman*, “Polydopamine Surface Functionalization of 3D Printed Resin Material for Enhanced Polystyrene Adhesion Towards Insultation Layers for 3D Microelectrode Arrays (3D MEAs)”, RSC Advances, 2022, 12, 25605-25616:
  • Manrique Castro, and S. Rajaraman*, “Experimental and Modeling Based Investigations of Process Parameters on a Novel, 3D printed and Self-Insulated 24-well, High Throughput 3D Microelectrode Array Device for Biological Applications”, IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS), 31 (3), pp. 358 – 371, 2022:
  • A. Kundu, M. Campos, S. Santra & S. Rajaraman, “Precision Vascular Delivery of Agrochemicals with Micromilled Microneedles (µMMNs)”, Scientific Reports volume 9, Article number: 14008,, 2019.
  • N. Azim, A. Kundu, M. Royse, Y. Li Sip, M. Young, S. Santra, L. Zhai and S. Rajaraman, “Fabrication and Characterization of a 3D Printed MicroElectrodes Platform with Functionalized Electrospun Nanoscaffolds and Spin Coated 3D Insulation Towards Multifunctional Biosystems”, IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS), 2019
  • A. Kundu, C. Nattoo, S. Fremgen, S. Springer, T. Ausaf and S. Rajaraman, “Optimization of Makerspace Microfabrication Techniques and Materials for the Realization of Planar, 3D Printed Microelectrode Arrays in under Four Days”, RSC Advances, 9, pp. 8949 – 8963!divAbstract, 2019.
  • N. Azim, C. Hart, F. Sommerhage, M. Aubin, J. Hickman and S. Rajaraman, “Precision Plating of Human Electrogenic Cells on Microelectrodes Enhanced with Precision Electrodeposited Nano-Porous Platinum for Cell-Based Biosensing Applications”, IEEE/ASME Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems (JMEMS), 28 (1), pp. 50-62, 2019.
  • C. Hart, A. Kundu, K. Kumar, S. Varma, J. Thomas and S. Rajaraman, “Rapid Nanofabrication of Nanostructured Interdigitated Electrodes (nIDEs) for Long Term, in vitro Analysis of Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Differentiated Cardiomyocytes”, Biosensors, 8(4), 88,, 2018.
  • S. Varma, K. Kumar, S. Seal, S. Rajaraman and J. Thomas, “Fiber-type Solar Cells, Nanogenerators, Batteries, and Supercapacitors for Wearable Applications”, Advanced Science,, 2018.
  • A. Kundu, T. Ausaf and S. Rajaraman, “3D Printing, Ink Casting and Micromachined Lamination (3D PICLµM): A Makerspace Approach to the Fabrication of Biological Microdevices”, Micromachines 9(2), 85,, 2018
  • C. Karnati, R.J. Aguilar, C. Arrowood, J.D. Ross and S. Rajaraman, “Micromachining on and of Transparent Polymers for Patterning Electrodes and Growing Electrically Active Cells for Biosensor Applications”, Micromachines 8(8), 250,, 2017